Triangle calculator SSS - result

Please enter the triangle sides:


Obtuse scalene triangle.

Sides: a = 11   b = 21   c = 27

Area: T = 107.6990238648
Perimeter: p = 59
Semiperimeter: s = 29.5

Angle ∠ A = α = 22.32549954181° = 22°19'30″ = 0.39896446755 rad
Angle ∠ B = β = 46.4844388962° = 46°29'4″ = 0.81113056382 rad
Angle ∠ C = γ = 111.191061562° = 111°11'26″ = 1.94106423399 rad

Height: ha = 19.58800433905
Height: hb = 10.25662132045
Height: hc = 7.97770547146

Median: ma = 23.55331314266
Median: mb = 17.74111949992
Median: mc = 9.93773034572

Inradius: r = 3.65105165643
Circumradius: R = 14.47990281792

Vertex coordinates: A[27; 0] B[0; 0] C[7.57440740741; 7.97770547146]
Centroid: CG[11.5254691358; 2.65990182382]
Coordinates of the circumscribed circle: U[13.5; -5.23437612682]
Coordinates of the inscribed circle: I[8.5; 3.65105165643]

Exterior(or external, outer) angles of the triangle:
∠ A' = α' = 157.6755004582° = 157°40'30″ = 0.39896446755 rad
∠ B' = β' = 133.5165611038° = 133°30'56″ = 0.81113056382 rad
∠ C' = γ' = 68.80993843802° = 68°48'34″ = 1.94106423399 rad

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How did we calculate this triangle?

a = 11 ; ; b = 21 ; ; c = 27 ; ;

1. The triangle circumference is the sum of the lengths of its three sides

p = a+b+c = 11+21+27 = 59 ; ;

2. Semiperimeter of the triangle

s = fraction{ o }{ 2 } = fraction{ 59 }{ 2 } = 29.5 ; ;

3. The triangle area using Heron's formula

T = sqrt{ s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c) } ; ; T = sqrt{ 29.5 * (29.5-11)(29.5-21)(29.5-27) } ; ; T = sqrt{ 11597.19 } = 107.69 ; ;

4. Calculate the heights of the triangle from its area.

T = fraction{ a h _a }{ 2 } ; ; h _a = fraction{ 2 T }{ a } = fraction{ 2 * 107.69 }{ 11 } = 19.58 ; ; h _b = fraction{ 2 T }{ b } = fraction{ 2 * 107.69 }{ 21 } = 10.26 ; ; h _c = fraction{ 2 T }{ c } = fraction{ 2 * 107.69 }{ 27 } = 7.98 ; ;

5. Calculation of the inner angles of the triangle using a Law of Cosines

a**2 = b**2+c**2 - 2bc cos alpha ; ; alpha = arccos( fraction{ b**2+c**2-a**2 }{ 2bc } ) = arccos( fraction{ 21**2+27**2-11**2 }{ 2 * 21 * 27 } ) = 22° 19'30" ; ; b**2 = a**2+c**2 - 2ac cos beta ; ; beta = arccos( fraction{ a**2+c**2-b**2 }{ 2ac } ) = arccos( fraction{ 11**2+27**2-21**2 }{ 2 * 11 * 27 } ) = 46° 29'4" ; ; gamma = 180° - alpha - beta = 180° - 22° 19'30" - 46° 29'4" = 111° 11'26" ; ;

6. Inradius

T = rs ; ; r = fraction{ T }{ s } = fraction{ 107.69 }{ 29.5 } = 3.65 ; ;

7. Circumradius

R = fraction{ a }{ 2 * sin alpha } = fraction{ 11 }{ 2 * sin 22° 19'30" } = 14.48 ; ;

8. Calculation of medians

m_a = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 b**2+2c**2 - a**2 } }{ 2 } = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 * 21**2+2 * 27**2 - 11**2 } }{ 2 } = 23.553 ; ; m_b = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 c**2+2a**2 - b**2 } }{ 2 } = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 * 27**2+2 * 11**2 - 21**2 } }{ 2 } = 17.741 ; ; m_c = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 b**2+2a**2 - c**2 } }{ 2 } = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 * 21**2+2 * 11**2 - 27**2 } }{ 2 } = 9.937 ; ;
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