Triangle calculator VC

Please enter the coordinates of the three vertices


Right isosceles triangle.

Sides: a = 7.28801098893   b = 10.2965630141   c = 7.28801098893

Area: T = 26.5
Perimeter: p = 24.85658499195
Semiperimeter: s = 12.42879249598

Angle ∠ A = α = 45° = 0.78553981634 rad
Angle ∠ B = β = 90° = 1.57107963268 rad
Angle ∠ C = γ = 45° = 0.78553981634 rad

Height: ha = 7.28801098893
Height: hb = 5.14878150705
Height: hc = 7.28801098893

Median: ma = 8.1399410298
Median: mb = 5.14878150705
Median: mc = 8.1399410298

Inradius: r = 2.13222948188
Circumradius: R = 5.14878150705

Vertex coordinates: A[-6; 9] B[1; 7] C[-1; 0]
Centroid: CG[-2; 5.33333333333]
Coordinates of the circumscribed circle: U[0; 0]
Coordinates of the inscribed circle: I[-0; 2.13222948188]

Exterior(or external, outer) angles of the triangle:
∠ A' = α' = 135° = 0.78553981634 rad
∠ B' = β' = 90° = 1.57107963268 rad
∠ C' = γ' = 135° = 0.78553981634 rad

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How did we calculate this triangle?

1. We compute side a from coordinates using the Pythagorean theorem

a = |BC| = |B-C| ; ; a**2 = (B_x-C_x)**2 + (B_y-C_y)**2 ; ; a = sqrt{ (B_x-C_x)**2 + (B_y-C_y)**2 } ; ; a = sqrt{ (1-(-1))**2 + (7-0)**2 } ; ; a = sqrt{ 53 } = 7.28 ; ;

2. We compute side b from coordinates using the Pythagorean theorem

b = |AC| = |A-C| ; ; b**2 = (A_x-C_x)**2 + (A_y-C_y)**2 ; ; b = sqrt{ (A_x-C_x)**2 + (A_y-C_y)**2 } ; ; b = sqrt{ (-6-(-1))**2 + (9-0)**2 } ; ; b = sqrt{ 106 } = 10.3 ; ;

3. We compute side c from coordinates using the Pythagorean theorem

c = |AB| = |A-B| ; ; c**2 = (A_x-B_x)**2 + (A_y-B_y)**2 ; ; c = sqrt{ (A_x-B_x)**2 + (A_y-B_y)**2 } ; ; c = sqrt{ (-6-1)**2 + (9-7)**2 } ; ; c = sqrt{ 53 } = 7.28 ; ;
Now we know the lengths of all three sides of the triangle and the triangle is uniquely determined. Next we calculate another its characteristics - same procedure as calculation of the triangle from the known three sides SSS.

a = 7.28 ; ; b = 10.3 ; ; c = 7.28 ; ;

4. The triangle circumference is the sum of the lengths of its three sides

p = a+b+c = 7.28+10.3+7.28 = 24.86 ; ;

5. Semiperimeter of the triangle

s = fraction{ o }{ 2 } = fraction{ 24.86 }{ 2 } = 12.43 ; ;

6. The triangle area using Heron's formula

T = sqrt{ s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c) } ; ; T = sqrt{ 12.43 * (12.43-7.28)(12.43-10.3)(12.43-7.28) } ; ; T = sqrt{ 702.25 } = 26.5 ; ;

7. Calculate the heights of the triangle from its area.

T = fraction{ a h _a }{ 2 } ; ; h _a = fraction{ 2 T }{ a } = fraction{ 2 * 26.5 }{ 7.28 } = 7.28 ; ; h _b = fraction{ 2 T }{ b } = fraction{ 2 * 26.5 }{ 10.3 } = 5.15 ; ; h _c = fraction{ 2 T }{ c } = fraction{ 2 * 26.5 }{ 7.28 } = 7.28 ; ;

8. Calculation of the inner angles of the triangle using a Law of Cosines

a**2 = b**2+c**2 - 2bc cos alpha ; ; alpha = arccos( fraction{ b**2+c**2-a**2 }{ 2bc } ) = arccos( fraction{ 10.3**2+7.28**2-7.28**2 }{ 2 * 10.3 * 7.28 } ) = 45° ; ; b**2 = a**2+c**2 - 2ac cos beta ; ; beta = arccos( fraction{ a**2+c**2-b**2 }{ 2ac } ) = arccos( fraction{ 7.28**2+7.28**2-10.3**2 }{ 2 * 7.28 * 7.28 } ) = 90° ; ; gamma = 180° - alpha - beta = 180° - 45° - 90° = 45° ; ;

9. Inradius

T = rs ; ; r = fraction{ T }{ s } = fraction{ 26.5 }{ 12.43 } = 2.13 ; ;

10. Circumradius

R = fraction{ a }{ 2 * sin alpha } = fraction{ 7.28 }{ 2 * sin 45° } = 5.15 ; ;

11. Calculation of medians

m_a = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 b**2+2c**2 - a**2 } }{ 2 } = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 * 10.3**2+2 * 7.28**2 - 7.28**2 } }{ 2 } = 8.139 ; ; m_b = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 c**2+2a**2 - b**2 } }{ 2 } = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 * 7.28**2+2 * 7.28**2 - 10.3**2 } }{ 2 } = 5.148 ; ; m_c = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 b**2+2a**2 - c**2 } }{ 2 } = fraction{ sqrt{ 2 * 10.3**2+2 * 7.28**2 - 7.28**2 } }{ 2 } = 8.139 ; ;
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